Numerous components motivated Cardiff’s lifestyle all through the centuries, reworking it into an intercontinental metropolis. The Romans developed the metropolis, the Normans created about it, the Vikings introduced prosperity and the industrial revolution reworked it.


Wales is a legendary territory that can brag an outstanding background. Cardiff has existed in Wales due to the fact Roman times. Numerous components motivated Cardiff’s loaded lifestyle all through the centuries, reworking a little town into an intercontinental metropolis. It was the Romans that developed the metropolis, the Normans that created about it. The Vikings introduced prosperity to the metropolis by their maritime trade and the industrial revolution with the coal sector reworked it to a modern day metropolis.

If we are chatting about a metropolis that claims to have the largest concentration of castles of any metropolis of Europe we need to mention the background that makes every castle to have its possess everyday living and character.

In reality, Cardiff, a metropolis situated on a reclaimed marshland and a bed of Triassic stones, has its roots courting back to Ad 55 when the Romans recognized a fort on what is now the web-site of Cardiff Castle. Some of the initial Roman walls can still be found in Cardiff Castle, and it is instructed that Cardiff even took its name from Roman standard Aulus Didius – Caer Didi signifies “Fort of Didius”. Some others say that the name of the metropolis is an Anglicization of the Welsh name “Caerdydd” – “Caer” signifies “fort” or “castle”, but whilst “Dydd” signifies “Day” in modern day Welsh, it is unclear what was intended in this context. Some believe that “Dydd” or “Diff” was a corruption of “Taff”, the river on which Cardiff castle stands, in which circumstance “Cardiff” would signify “the fort on the river Taff” (in Welsh the T mutates to D).

The Romans finished their rule in Cardiff in 350AD when they deserted their forts. Cardiff grew to become a settlement just after the Viking invasion. They commenced to build maritime trade from which the town (afterwards to grow to be a metropolis) was to derive its prosperity. The Vikings – who managed the Bristol Channel – utilized Cardiff as a raiding base, a port and a investing write-up.

Right after the invasion of William the Conqueror, the Normans developed their castle on the web-site of the previously Roman fort to defend them from the Welsh inhabitants, but that castle was significantly altered and extended for the duration of the Victorian interval by John Crichton-Stuart, third Marquess of Bute and the architect William Burges. Right after decades of Norman control, the Welsh united and invaded the castle. They ruined Norman home and ruined the castle right up until the Earl of Warwick Richard Beauchamp rebuilt it in 1423.

Throughout the fifteenth century Cardiff grew to become leaderless till Owain Glen Dwr, recognised as the unbiased “Prince of Wales”, properly led the revolt for the Celtic Welsh towards the English all over 1400. His accomplishment was limited lasting, as below Henry IV the English galvanized their forces and led a profitable campaign towards the rebels. In spite of this, Glyn Dwr was in no way captured and remained a hunted rebel.

In the late 19th Century, the 2nd Marquess of Bute developed the Glamorganshire canal, which joined Merthyr Tydfil with Cardiff and the Cardiff docks, to just take advantage of the large coal reserves in the space. Thanks to this canal Cardiff grew to become the major coal exporting port in the environment and was granted the position of metropolis in 1905 by Edward VII. By the close of the very first decade of the 20th century the port experienced arrived at its peak, with extra than ten million tons of coal going by the port. The financial increase experienced drawn with it a sizeable maximize in population. Dockworkers and sailors from throughout the environment experienced settled in neighbourhoods close to the docks, recognised as Tiger Bay, and communities from up to 45 distinct nationalities, which include Norwegian, Somalian, Yemenese, Spanish, Italian, Caribbean and Irish, served to make the one of a kind multi-cultural character of the space.

Cardiff is also famed for Captain Robert Scott’s journey to the South Pole. He established sail from Cardiff but sad to say the expedition was unsuccessful.There is a lighthouse in Roath Park in his memory.

Cardiff underwent a decline interval in the seventies and 1980s. Nonetheless, at the time this decline was surpassed, Cardiff’s docks and centre were modified. Cardiff Bay is a marvellous attraction by the h2o,and the Millenium Stadium stands as evidence that Cardiff is a legitimate European cash metropolis.

2005 noticed Cardiff rejoice one hundred decades of existence as a metropolis, as well as fifty decades as the cash of Wales, so this intended a twofold anniversary celebrated in correct Welsh design.

In 2004, Cardiff was picked to be the world’s very first fair trade cash metropolis, getting a main contribution in this project. As a consequence, when you pay a visit to several of Cardiff’s cafes, suppliers or supermarkets, you will most very likely come across an abundence of Honest Trade items.

In well known lifestyle, Cardiff is meaningful mainly because it is residence to Terry Nation, the ‘father’ of Physician Who’s arch enemies, the Daleks. In 2005, the Daleks have returned to BBC Wales for a fresh collection of Physician Who. Year range two of Physician Who was filmed in and in the surroundings of the picturesque metropolis of Cardiff, as was the spin off ‘Torchwood’ collection.

Other famed individuals that were born in the Welsh cash metropolis include things like the children’s author Roald Dahl, Ryan Giggs, Colin Jackson, Dame Tanni Grey Thompson, Dame Shirley Bassey and Charlotte Church.

Cardiff is a wonderful sporting metropolis. In 1959, Cardiff was the residence to the British Empire and Commonwealth Online games. The Millenium Stadium, developed as an alternative of a swimming pool, was residence to the 1999 Rugby Earth Cup. The Millenium Stadium gained reputation owing to the Wales staff, who received the 6 Nations Grand Slam Championship in 2005. In 2009, Cardiff will host an Ashes cricket exam match, when in 2012 there will be some football matches played below inside the framework of the London Olympic Online games.